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Erik Solheim “Development assistance in a new world”

2015-04-10 Institute News
TSPMI

On May 13th, Institute of International Relations and Political Science at Vilnius University (IIRPS VU) together with Kapuscinski Development Lectures, the series organized jointly by the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme and partner universities and development think-tanks, invite you to participate in Erik Solheim's public lecture “Development assistance in a new world”, which will take place at the IIRPS VU (Vokieciu st. 10) Room 402, at 5 p.m.

Extreme poverty has been halved and people have never been richer, healthier or better educated. More than 600 million people have been brought out of poverty in China alone. But average global improvement is of little help for the over one billion people still living in extreme poverty. The world will come together this year at the UN to agree on the complete eradication of extreme poverty by 2030 and a new set of sustainable development goals. For the first time in human history, we have the knowledge and resources to eradicate poverty while preserving the planet.


Most important is policies. We must learn from success and do more of what works. Child mortality has been reduced by two thirds in Ethiopia and that alone has saved more lives per year than the number of people dying in all global wars combined. Schoolchildren in Vietnam are now doing better at school than children in much richer OECD countries. Korea has gone from one of the poorest countries in the world to one of the richest in a few generations. Young Koreans are 390 times richer than their grandparents were!  Lithuania has successfully transitioned into a democratic market economy and is now one of the fastest growing economies in Europe. There are so many stories of successful development. We must replicate these successes on a global scale.


Money is also important. Global aid remains stable at record high levels and reached $135 billion last year. Development aid has increased by 66% since 2000. And new donors are adding to this. China is now a major provider of aid. India, Indonesia and Brazil are giving as well as receiving aid. The United Arab Emirates is the most generous country in the world, giving 1.17% of national income to development assistance. Turkey is above the OECD average, hugely generous to Syrian refugees and increased spending by 8% last year. Hungary and Estonia increased development aid more than anyone at 25% and 19% last year. We need more and better aid! But we also need to use aid to mobilize the two biggest sources of development finance in the world: Private investments and tax!


Erik Solheim is Chair of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) from January 2013. He has emphasized reform of Official Development Assistance, focusing more assistance to the least developed countries, using assistance to mobilize more private investment and to support domestic resource mobilization through better taxation. Erik Solheim is also serving as United Nations Environment Programme’s special envoy for environment, conflict and disaster. From 2005 to 2012 he was Norway’s Minister of the Environment and International Development. From 2000 to 2005, Erik Solheim was the main negotiator in the peace process in Sri Lanka. As minister he contributed to peace processes in Sudan, Nepal, Myanmar and Burundi.

Come and learn more whit Erik Solheim, Chair of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, an alliance of the world’s main donors, talk about development aid in a new world!


Please fill the registration form here.


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